Virginia JLARC reports that biosolids poses low risk

The Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission (JLARC) reported the results of its study on biosolids and industrial residuals on October 10. 

JLARC, in its report, said the following:

  • that land application of biosolids poses a low risk to human health and water quality under current state regulations.
  • that under very specific conditions and only at certain application sites, state regulations “may not adequately mitigate … risk for nearby residents.”
  • that the regulatory compliance programs for biosolids and industrial residuals are “generally effective.”
  • that the state legislature fund additional research; and assess the existing regulations for sites where land application occurs more frequently


The full report can be found here:

The 2016 General Assembly requested JLARC conduct a study on biosolids and industrial residuals that included the following directives: analyze the current scientific literature regarding the long-term effects of biosolids and industrial residuals on health, including potential impacts on well, surface, and ground water; evaluate the regulatory requirements for land application and storage evaluate the differences between biosolids and industrial residuals rated as “Class A” (Exceptional Quality) materials and “Class B” materials; and, evaluate the feasibility, especially for local governments, and including an economic impact on citizens of the Commonwealth, of requiring municipal utilities currently permitted to generate, as a byproduct of the municipal wastewater treatment process, “Class B” material to upgrade those facilities to generate “Class A” material.

JLARC conducts policy analysis, program evaluation, and oversight of state agencies on behalf of the Virginia General Assembly. The duties of the Commission are authorized by the Code of Virginia.